The JNRD receives the following type of articles

  1. Review Articles
  2. Original Research Articles *
  3. Research Notes *
  4. Short Communications
  5. Commentaries
  6. Book Reviews
  7. Case Studies

* Main original research manuscripts.

Review Articles

Review articles focus on one topical aspect of a field rather than providing a comprehensive literature survey. They can be controversial, but in this case should briefly indicate opposing viewpoints. They should not be focused on the author’s own work. Language should be simple, novel concepts defined and specialist terminology explained. They are peer-reviewed, and can be substantially edited in consultation with the author. Reviews should not generally be more than 6000 words. There should be no more than 90 references and ideally half that number. Display items and explanatory boxes (used for explanation of technical points or background material) are welcomed. The author is responsible for ensuring that the necessary permission has been obtained for the re-use of any figures previously published elsewhere.

Original Research Articles

Are original reports whose conclusions represent a substantial advance in understanding of an important problem and have immediate, far-reaching implications. They normally do not exceed 50 references. And the amount of words must be between 6500 and 10000. Articles have an abstract, separate from the main text, of up to 250 words, which does not have references, and does not contain numbers, abbreviations, acronyms or measurements unless essential. It is aimed at readers outside the discipline. This abstract contains a paragraph (2-3 sentences) of basic-level introduction to the field; a brief account of the background and rationale of the work; a statement of the main conclusions (introduced by the phrase ‘Here we show’ or its equivalent); and finally, 2-3 sentences putting the main findings into general context so it is clear how the results described in the paper have moved the field forwards.

Research Notes

Are short reports of original research focused on an outstanding finding whose importance means that it will be of interest to scientists in other fields. They begin with a fully referenced paragraph, ideally of about 200 words, but certainly no more than 300 words, aimed at readers in other disciplines. This paragraph starts with a 2-3 sentence basic introduction to the field; followed by a one-sentence statement of the main conclusions starting ‘Here we show’ or equivalent phrase; and finally, 2-3 sentences putting the main findings into general context so it is clear how the results described in the paper have moved the field forwards.

The rest of the text is typically about 2000 – 3000 words long. Any discussion at the end of the text should be as succinct as possible, not repeating previous summary/introduction material, to briefly convey the general relevance of the work.

Short Communications

Are exceptionally interesting or important comments and clarifications on original research articles or other peer-reviewed material. Submissions should challenge the main conclusions of the article and contain new, unpublished data to support the arguments. Submissions that contradict only part of the article are not considered unless they concern a matter of exceptional interest.


These items are ‘letters to the Editor’: short comments on topical issues of public and political interest, anecdotal material, or readers’ reactions to informal material published in the journal. Note that commentaries are not technical comments on peer-reviewed research papers. These correspond to short communications. Commentaries should be no longer than 300-400 words. Submissions will not be considered without the authors’ names, postal and e-mail addresses and current telephone contact numbers. Authors must clearly indicate any accents on names and places.

A commentary is usually signed by no more than three authors; this is because commentary’s aim is to be a forum for readers’ reactions, not for statements by organizations or groups of individuals. Commentaries do not usually have figures, tables or multiple references. All accepted contributions are edited for publication.

Book Reviews

A critical book review is not a book report or a summary. It is basically a reaction paper in which the author points out strengths and weaknesses of the material. Book reviews should not exceed 1500 words.

Case Studies

It describes the condition of natural resources or their uses within their real life context using various sources of empirical evidence. Case studies are particularly useful to describe and understand existing or emerging problems  or challenges regarding the natural and human systems and their interactions in a given region. Other case studies may report on the impacts of measures on the state of a social-ecological system contributing to the collection of success and failures of targeted solutions. The Case studies should not exceed 4000 words.